Wpisy oznaczone tagiem "Dyktanda Językowe" (46)  

1956 ! was eight years old. I was at school in Bristol in England. There were thirty children in my class. My teacher's name was Miss Dodds. She was very nice. My best fiend was Janet Roberts. We were friends for two or three years.

How many cloks have you got?And how many do you need? There are four cloks in my kitchen. Ther's one on the wall, another on the cooker, and a third on the microwave. I've got a small radio in the kitchen, and there's a clock on that too. I wear a watch, and my husband and both my children wear watches. So when we're  all in the kitchen, there are eight cloks in one room. And then tere's the living room. We've got a clock on the wall, and there's a clock on the video recorder. The thelephon's got a clock, the computer's got a clock and the radio's got a clock too. We've all got alarm clocks in our bedrooms. There's only one problem. They all show different times!

Ninteen-year old Shaun Clancy is the new member of teen-bandEye of Dolls.
The band needed a new singer, so they decided to have a competition. Last night the ten finalists sang and danced on TV, and viewers phoned the TV station with their votes.
Shaun was born in Belfast, and moved to Manchester when he was ten years old. He left school at sixteen, and worked in a supermarket. Shaun wanted to be an actor, and studied acting in his free time. he saw the advert for Eye Dolls and travelled to London for the competition. The band listened to 1500 young singers, and selected ten for TV programme. Shaun came first with over 400,000 votes. 'This is the dream of a lifetime.', said Shaun. The band is recording a new album with Shaun nex week, then they are going on tour.

MET: Nutritionists say that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, but most people don't have a good breakfast. A martket researcher is asking people about their breakfasts.
researcher: What do you usually have for breakfast?
Sonja: Oh, I have a boiled egg and some toast.
Researcher: What about this morning? What did you have?
Sonja: I didn't have breakfast this morning.
Researcher: Why not?
Sonja: I didn't have time. I was late for work.
Researcher: Didn't you have anything to drink?
Sonja: Yes, Ihad a cup of coffee. But that was all.

MET: Jason Dean plays for Newton United. It's just after game on Saturday. The final score was Belcaster Rovers 6 Newtown United 0.
Manager: Ah, Jason! It wasn't a very good game, eh?
Jason: No, boss. We were a bit unlucky.
Manager: Unlucky! Six times?
Jason: Yeah, well. Very unlucky.
Manager: You were terrible, Jason. Were you tired?
Jason: Tired? No way, boss. I was fine.
Manager: Where were you last night, Jason?
Jason: Me? I was at home.
Manager: Were you alone?
Jason: Alone?
Manager: Who was with you?
Jason: My mum and dad. I was with my parents.
Manager: So you weren't out?
Jason: The night before a game? Oh, no, boss. I was asleep a ten o'clock.
Manager: You aren't telling me the truth, Jason.
Jason: I am, boss.
Manager: OK, Jason. Look at today's newspaper...

MET: Nicola: I love your new hairstyle! It really suits you.
Tasha: Do you think so?
Nicola: Yes, it's great.
Tasha: Thank you.

Thanksgiving dinner is the fourth Thursday in November in the USA. It's Thanksgiving Day at the Fletcher family home in Ohio. The family is home for the holidays, and they're having Thanksgiving dinner.

MET: Assistant: Are you finding everything OK?
Man: I'm looking for the rock section.
Assistant: It's upstairs on the first floor.
man: Thanks.

Oxford Street is the main shopping street in London's West End. It runs from Marble Arch in the west to Tottenham Court Road in the east. The Central Line of the London undeground ( 'the tube' ) has four stations along Oxford Street. There are several large department stores, including Selfridges, which iss the biggest store in Britain. You can find many international shops in Oxford Street, like HMV, Borders bookshop, Virgin Megastore, and Topshop, Regent Street and New Bond Street are also worth a visit. The famous Liberty store is in Regent Street. If you're looking for designer clothes, Bond Street is the place for you.

John Hardy is a sales representative. He works for Vantax, a computer software company. The company makes computers games. John sells the games to shops. He doesn't work in an office, and he doesn't  work regular hours. john travels about one thousand miles a week.

At six in the morning MR. Brown is lying in his bed, he is sleeping. Ten past seven he gets up. A Quarter past seven he washes. At half ppast seven he dresses. Five to eight he takes his breakfast. Twenty past eight he is ready to go to his office. He works at the office from nine a.m. to five p.m. He goes home at ten past five in the afternoon. A guarter to seven he sits at table and begins his dinner. Twenty-five past eight he is sitting in a comfortable armchair and reading and smoking. At ten p.m. he is agin in bed.

Harry and Stanley are taking their breakfast. An Englishman usually begins with fruit. Than he has porridge with milk and sugar. He likes bacon very much and so, after porridge, he often takes bacon and eggs. He does not eat much bread but many warm brown toasts with butter and orange marmalade. You may have no bacon, no porridge, but when there is no marmalade it is not a good English breakfast! Some English people drink coffee, some tea. In Poland we don't like porridge. We usually take bread, white or brown, or rolls with butter. Some people like cheese or boiled eggs, soft and hard. We usually drink coffee. I drink mine with milk. English people drink tea and coffee from cups; in Poland many people drink tea from glasses. Their tea is very strong and dark brown when it is Indian, or light green when it is China; ours is light brown. They drink it with plenty of milk and sugar.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away,
an onion a day keeps everybody away.

British supermarkets sell food from all over the world. butter comes from New Zeland, and apples com from Australia. Beef comes from Argentina, and mangoes come from Brazil. They all come by sea. In Britain local asparagus is in the shops in May and June, but nowadays people want fresh asparagus all through the year. So Britain imports asparagus by air from Peru, Mexico, and Thailand. Fresh fish comes to Britain from Sri Lanka, Alaska, and Ecuador. vegetables come from Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya in East Africa. Grapes come from South Africa. Ecologists measure 'air miles': the distance food travels by air from the producer to the shop. Because transport by air uses fuel, they say that 'air miles' food is bad for the enviroment.

Corfe Castle is a small village in the country. The populastion is about 1,500. It's very old. It's a tourist attraction, and it's busy. There's nowhere to park in the tourist season. There are several pubs and some tea shops. There's a small museum. there aren't many shops. There isn't a supermarket or a cinema. There's nothing to do in the evenings. It's a beautiful place, but it's boring for young people.

Southampton is a port. The ships the 'Mayflower' (1620) and the 'Titanic' (19120) sailed from Southampton docks. the'Mayflower' took the first English emigrants to North America. There's a 'Mayflower' memorial, and thereare two 'Ttitanic' memorials in the city. Southampton still has some city walls, and the old city gate (Bargate), but it's also modern city. There are two universities, three shopping malls, two multiplex cinemas, two theatres, several international hotels, a marina, and an international airport. West Quay Shopping Centre is the largest city-centre mall in the south of England. There's an art gallery , and there are several museums. Southampton FC is the local football club, and it has a modern stadium. Cruise ships depart from the docks. Southampton hasn't got a cathedral and it hasn't got a major concert hall. There aren't any beaches in Southampton.

John Hardy is a sales representative. he works for Vantax, a computer software company. The company makes computer games. John sells the games to shops. He doesn't work in an office, and he doesn't work regular hours. John travels about one thousand miles a week.

MET: EXAMPLE - Something that is very much like all other things of its kind.
ANCIENT - Very,very old.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL - About the study of human history and prehistory through digging old sites and looking at the old things people find.
SURVIVED - Continued to live or exist, even after danger or hard times.
ROUGHLY - About; approximately.
HUNTER-GATHERERS - People who belonged to a group moved around a lot and got food by fishing, killing animals and eating wild vegetables and fruit.
SETTLED DOWN - Started to live permanently somewhere.
ANALYZED - Looked at something carefully to find out new things about it.
CEREAL - A grain used for food, such as wheat, oats, or corn.
FLOUR - A powder obtained by grinding wheat, and used to make bread, cakes, and pastry.
DOUGH - A thick, soft mixture of flour and liguid, used for baking into bread or pastry.
ASHES - The powdery stuff left after the burning of something.
REVOLUTION - A very great and wide-reaching change in the way something works or is organized.
CONVENIENT - Involvinglittle trouble or effort.

Researchers have found the wold's oldest example of bread. The breadcrumbs were charred and burnt, which is how they survived for so long. Humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than scientists thought. The people who baked the bread lived in Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C.They were hunter-gatherers and lived thousands of years before humans settled down to become farmers. The researchers analyzed them and found they were made from cereal plants. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, sad the bread took a long time to make. The ancient Jordanians then mixed the flour with water to make dough. Another researchers said the bread could be one reason for the agricultural revolution. Stone Age people ralized it was easier and more convenient.

You play football ona large pitch. At each endthe pitch ther's a goal. There are two teams. Each team tries to put the ball into the other team's goal. there are eleven players in a team. One of the players in each team is the goalkeeper. There's a refree and there are two assistant refrrees, too.

You can kick the ball but you can't catch or throw he ball. And you mustn't hit or kick another player.
A match lasts for 90 minutes. There are two halves of 45 minutes each with a break for 15 minutes. This called half-time.
At the end of the match, the team that has scored more goals wins the match. If they have the same number of goals, it's a draw.

HARRY: How do you do, Stanley! You're not yet ready!
STANLEY: Hullo, Harry! yes, I'm late. I must take breakfast yet.
HARRY: It's here, is must be cold now. (Stanley is sitting down at table).
STANLEY: The apple may be cold but I don't want any cold porridge.
Harry: Do you eat bacon and eggs with toast or bread?
STANLEY: With bread.
HARRY: Now I can warm your toast. ( Stanley wants to speak). Don't speak, go on eating and hurry up!
HARRY: It's ready. Do you take butter or marmalade?
STANLEY: Butter, please. But you must have some toast or tea?
HARRY: No, thanks. we have no time. Now here is your cup. Do you like tea with milk? Any sugar?
STANLEY: Yes, please. Milk and sugar. Thanks so much. You are a very good nurse (Stanley eats and drinks very quickly0.
STANLEY: Now I'm ready to go. It's late indeed, we must hurry up.
It is late. Stanley is not yet ready. His breakfast is standing on the table, and cold porridge is not very good. but he has a good friend. When Stanley is eating his bacon and eggs, Harry is warming a piece of toast and gives him a cup of a tea with milk and sugar. Stanley eats and drinks quickly - he has no time fore morebread with butter and marmalade. Harry does not want to take any tea. The young man hurries up to his lesson.

Stanley is howing John his rooms: one is his bedroom, and one is the study. In that room he can learn, read and smoke. he has two shelves for his books and a desk, on which there are pencils, exercise books, a pipe, and some cigarettes. Those cigarettes are for his friends. The long couch which is near the shelf, is brown; he can lie on it when he has time. When Stanley has some friends at home, they can sit in his comfortable armchairs, which are also bown, and they can have a cup of tea. But now Stanley has no time, he is going to his teacher. A good laugh is sunshine in a house.

Mary has an English book. What is it like? It is large and thick. What colour is it? Her book is blue and white. I also have an English book but it isn't blue. Are there any pictures in those books? Yes, in our books there are many nice pictures. What colour are they? Their colourbis black and white. Is there any picture in this lesson? Yes, there is one. It's a picture of a boy. He has a hare in his hands. What is the hare like? It is old and large, and it isn't happy.
the boy let it go.
One, two, three, four, five, I caught a here alive. Six, seven, eight, nine, ten, I let it go again.

1. A blue pencil is nice; a good picture is nicer; a pretty girl is nicest. Lesson Five is short; Lesson Two i shorter; lesson One is shortest. My friend's sister is pretty, Mary is prettier, but your daughter is the prettiest girl. Some pupils are happy when the lesson is short. Some pupils are happier when the teacher is late. Some pupils are happiest when there is no lesson.
2. What are you showing? I am showing a picture. Open the book! Have you any thick book? I am opening  the thickest bookin the room. What does your sister learn? She reads lesson six. Is it difficult? No, it isn't, but some words are difficult. "Exercise-book"  is difficult word. Is "cupboard" more difficult? Yes, it is, and "comfortable" is the most difficult word.
3. Do you often sit here? No, I don't, this chair is hard. My chair is softer. What is as white as milk? The wall are as white as milk. Have you any lamp on the large table? No, my lamp stands on the smaller table, near the bed.
The son is younger than the father. Your mother is older than my doughter. Are any of these boys older than you? Yes, some are. These teachers are not so old as your father. My pen isn't good, it's very hard. Your pen is better, it's softer.
Mary has a very tall brother, but she is short. how do you spell "cupboard"? He does not read any English book.

MET: Jacek Karpiński "Mały Jacek" (1927-20000, wybitny inżynier elektronik, cybernetyk, informatyk, kierowca rajdowy, żeglarz, był żołnierzem Szarych Szeregów w batalionie "Zośka", uczestnikiem Powstania Warszawskiego. Zaprojektował mikrokomputer K-202 (komputer osobisty) na długo przed wprowadzeniem takiego urządzenia na rynek w Stanach Zjednoczonych. Był szykanowany przez władze komunistyczne za działalność w Armii Krajowej i udział w Powstaniu Warszawskim. Dziś jest uznany za geniusza XX w.


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