Wpisy oznaczone tagiem "retro zdarzenia" (30)  

boleklolek
 
Gdy Irving Berlin (autor najsłynniejszej świątecznej piosenki 'White Christmas' ) dowiedział się, że Elvis nagrał swoją wersję White Christmas, wściekł się, nienawidził muzyki Elvisa i gardził jego twórczością, zrobił wszystko by zablokować wydanie tego nagrania ,nakazał wytwórni zadzwonić do każdej rozgłośni radiowej w kraju i wstrzymać odtwarzanie tego numeru, wiele stacji, szczególnie w Kanadzie  zgodziło się z prawem autora, jednak w USA kontrowersje przyczyniły się do popularności tego nagrania.



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boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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“PHILIPPE PETIT urodził się we Francji. Jako dziecko odkrył magię i nauczył się żonglować, choć nie pochodził z rodziny cyrkowców.”

 

boleklolek
 

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Stacie Stormy, przybyła do Laurence, New Orleans,gdzie na kampusie przed domem P. Huey,miała dać show.
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Podczas jej drugiego tańca,pojawiło się już ponad tysiąc osób,i tak rozochocił ich występ striptizerki,ze rzucili się na samochód na którym występowała, zniszczyli sprzęt muzyczny.Członkowie zespołu przerażeni uciekli, tylko prezydent kampusy Gillis Long,próbował wszystkich uspokoić,jednak przegrał z tłumem
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a co ze Stacie, na szczęście obyło sie bez poważniejszych urazów :)
foto Edwarda Clarka, Life Magazine
 

boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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Django Reinhardt i Duke Ellington
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Jimmy Page i William S. Burroughs
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Carl Sandburg i Marilyn Monroe wg Arnold Newman
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Mel Brooks i Carl Reiner
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Michael Caine, Pelé i Sylvester Stallone
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Buster Keaton i Samuel Beckett
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Leonard Nimoy i Jimi Hendrix, 1970
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Tom Waits, David Bowie i Bette Midler
 

boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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Jack Nicholson i  Groucho Marx
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Grace Kelly i Alfred Hitchcock wg. Edward Quinn, 1954
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Robert De Niro i  Martin Scorcese
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Andy Warhol i Muhammad Ali
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Patti Smith i William S. Burroughs
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Woody Allen i Nora Ephron, 1978
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Julie Christie, Ursula Andress i  Catherine Deneuve
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Muhammad Ali i Bill Withers, 1974
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Salvador Dali i Man Ray wg Carl Van Vechten, 1934
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Ray Charles i Ronald Reagan
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Chevy Chase, Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi i Lorne Michaels
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Aretha Franklin i Annie Lennox wg. Lynn Goldsmith
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Robin Williams i Christopher Reeve
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Hugh Hefner i  Doris Day
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Lou Reed, Mick Jagger i David Bowie
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Brigitte Bardot i Kirk Douglas
 

boleklolek
 
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A series of photographs of American soldiers stationed in England, at work and rest in the lead-up to D-Day, 1944. From LIFE.

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Piling up gas canisters in preparation for D-Day
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American soldiers and English schoolchildren on a bridge at Henley-On-Thames
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A flower market with soldiers crossing the street behind, Stratford-on-Avon
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A bit of fun. A woman punting a pair of soldiers on the river Avon
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Oxford Street in London shortly before the launching of the D-Day invasion of France during WWII.
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Pair of American servicemen walking w. civilian woman in a bucolic park during WWII.
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British and American flags flying from building as US Army band leads procession to Holy Trinity Church during birthday celebrations honoring William Shakespeare.
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Pastoral riverside scene along the Thames.

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People relaxing in Hyde Park during WWII.
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Cyclists crossing suspension bridge past unident. church during WWII.
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Vapor trails from RAF planes in the skies over England recall the convolutions of British & German pilots fighting air duels throughout the summer of 1940 during the Battle of Britain.
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School children arriving at the Shakespeare Memorial Theater during the Shakespeare Festival.
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Boaters punting on the Thames River.
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Procession of townspeople led by the Lord Mayor (W. gold chains) during birthday celebrations honoring William Shakespeare
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Ammunition stockpiled in the town square for the impending D-Day invasion of France.
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Roadside tents awaiting soldier occupants shortly before the D-Day invasion of France during WWII.
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Policeman directing traffic during birthday celebrations honoring William Shakespeare
April 23, 1944
Photographer:    Frank Scherschel
 

boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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Navy chaplain Luis Padillo gives last rites to a soldier wounded by sniper fire during a revolt in Venezuela. (Héctor Rondón Lovera)
 

boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven: ri.pinger.pl/(…)enhanced-buzz-wide-5453-1338324640-…
Pele and British captain Bobby Moore trade jerseys in 1970 as a sign of mutual respect during a World Cup that had been marred by racism.
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A Sudan People's Liberation Army soldier stands at attention on the eve of South Sudan's independence from Sudan.
 

boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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"La Jeune Fille a la Fleur," a photograph by Marc Riboud, shows the young pacifist Jane Rose Kasmir planting a flower on the bayonets of guards at the Pentagon during a protest against the Vietnam War on October 21, 1967. The photograph would eventually become the symbol of the flower power movement.
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The iconic photo of Tank Man, the unknown rebel who stood in front of a column of Chinese tanks in an act of defiance following the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
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Another, recently unearthed photo of the Tank Man incident, which shows a new angle of his act of protest, now at a distance. Tank Man can be seen through the trees on the left, and the tanks can be seen on the far right.
 

boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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Jacqueline Kennedy wears her pink Chanel suit, still stained with the blood of her husband, as Lyndon Johnson takes the oath of office in Air Force One.
According to Lady Bird Johnson, who was also present:

“Her hair [was] falling in her face but [she was] very composed ... I looked at her. Mrs. Kennedy's dress was stained with blood. One leg was almost entirely covered with it and her right glove was caked, it was caked with blood – her husband's blood. Somehow that was one of the most poignant sights – that immaculate woman, exquisitely dressed, and caked in blood.”


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John F. Kennedy Jr. salutes his father's coffin along with the honor guard.
 

boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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The 1968 Olympics Black Power Salute: African American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their fists in a gesture of solidarity at the 1968 Olympic games. Australian Silver medalist Peter Norman wore an Olympic Project for Human Rights badge in support of their protest. Both Americans were expelled from the games as a result.
 

boleklolek
 

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"The Black Hills has been the home of the Lakota Sioux Indians for centuries. White men have only settled in the area for the last 120 years. Even so, many legends tell of the early white settlers. One of these is the Ghost Dance.

According to legend, by 1890, the Native Peoples of South Dakota were very unhappy. They were no longer free to roam the plains and the buffalo herds were being slaughtered. Since the buffalo was a staple of life for the Lakota, their food source was rapidly declining. The Natives began performing the Ghost Dance. They believed that this magical dance would bring back their dead, the buffalo, and dispose of the whites. The non-Natives living close to the Reservation became frightened. This led to the Wounded Knee Massacre."
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In 1890, the army moved west to try and force the Natives from performing the Ghost Dance. There were many small battles. The first one claimed the life of Sitting Bull. At this time the Natives of Sitting Bull’s tribe decided to move south to the Badlands. They had heard that other tribes were performing the Ghost Dance in that area. When the Lakota reached the Badlands, they were taken captive by soldiers and moved to a small village – Wounded Knee.

On December 29, 1890, the Natives were gathered to enable the soldiers to search them for weapons. A shot was fired and the soldiers quickly eliminated several hundred unarmed Natives. It was the last massacre and bloody confrontation between the US Army and Native Americans.
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The Petrified Park legend is an interesting story. The events took place near Lemmon, South Dakota, in South Dakota’s northwest. It seems that during the 1830′s, an amateur geologist, Ole Quammen, discovered a collection of petrified prehistoric mudballs, stumps, fossils and logs. A crew of men was dispatched to collect all petrified wood within thirty-five miles of Lemmon. Forty men worked with wagons, scaffolds, mules and pulleys for over two years. They gathered approximately 6.4 tons of petrified wood. The town of Lemmon used this wood to build wishing wells, castles and turrets. They still stand today in downtown Lemmon and are a magnificent sight. Each displays the splendor of color and texture from prehistoric times. If you are ever in South Dakota be sure to take in Lemmon and visit the museum that pays tribute to Ole Quammen as the man who turned a pile of rocks into a monument to another era. This is the world’s only Petrified Wood Park.
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The legend of Tipperary is also a good read. Tipperary was a broco. For ten years he took of the West’s best riders and was retired a Champion. He achieved fame on the rodeo circuit.
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Tipperary was born in the early 20th Century. There is much speculation to why he set out to rid the world of rodeo riders. His reputation for vicious bucking and lightning speed spread across the West like wildfire. Cowboys respected him but the legend grew to such vast proportions that many cowboys refused to ride him. Rodeos offered hefty purses for the rider who could master Tipperary. Few did. Eventually, Tipperary passed his prime and was put out to pasture near Buffalo, South Dakota. A monument has been erected in honor of this bucking bronco. It may be the only one of its kind in the world. It reads: “Tipperary”¦World’s Greatest Bucking Horse.”
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Another legend tells of gold, miners, cowboys and death. In 1874, Custer’s expedition discovered gold in South Dakota’s Black Hills. Reports of the find spread across the United States at lightning speed. Prospectors, gamblers, adventurers and those seeking their fortunes poured into the sacred Black Hills of the Lakota Nation. This remote wilderness was forever changed within two years.
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Word of gold in the Black Hills brought on the 1876 gold rush. Miners poured into Deadwood Gulch and surrounding areas in droves. Most of these people were never able to strike gold and ended up running businesses to supply the miners with food, mining equipment and entertainment.
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Wild Bill Hickcock was shot and killed while playing poker in Deadwood’s Saloon # 10. Calamity Jane claimed that she and Wild Bill were lovers. She is buried next to him in Mount Moriah Cemetery, Deadwood.
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These legends are only a few of the legends that make up the history of the Black Hills. Numerous other tales of white settlers can be found at your local library. These are interesting and intriguing. They teach us about the past and give us insight into what both the Native people and the white settlers experienced.

I hope you have enjoyed this glimpse into the legends of the Black Hills. They certainly have a unique and interesting history.
www.essortment.com/legends-black-hills-south-dak…
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boleklolek
 

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Adolf Hitler podaje rękę z jednym ze swoich osobistych fotografów, Heinrich Hoffmann, a jego lekarz, Theodor Morrell (z prawej) czeka, aby pozdrowić Fuhrera na 50. urodziny Hitlera, 20 kwietnia 1939 r. w Berlinie.

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Niektóre z darów 50. urodziny Adolfa Hitlera przechowywane w pomieszczeniu  Kancelarii Rzeszy, Berlin, kwiecień 1939.

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Inżynier samochodowy i projektant Ferdynand Porsche (w garniturze) przedstawia Hitlerowi, z rozkładanym dachem  Volkswagena na 50 urodziny Hitlera,
Berlin, Niemcy 20 kwietnia 1939.
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Berlin, 20 kwietnia 1939.
Oprócz Hitlera (z lewej) stoi kapitan Hans Bauer, jego osobisty pilot.

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Złoty dar dowódcy Luftwaffe - i przyszłego samobójcy w tych procesach norymberskich za zbrodnie wojenne - Hermann Goering dla  Adolfa Hitlera na 50. urodziny
Berlin  20 kwietnia 1939.

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inkrustowana szlachetnymi kamieniami, złota ręcznie robiona makieta zamku, specjalnie na urodziny Hitlera
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boleklolek
 
sweet ★ heaven:
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Jewish prisoners at the moment of their liberation from a death train near the Elbe
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1909 rush hour

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Alabama Medical Centre Emergency Room
 

boleklolek
 

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John F. Kennedy's flag-draped casket lies in state in Washington, D.C., November 1963

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The caption that accompanied another, cropped version of this photograph when it appeared in the December 6, 1963, issue of LIFE: "Wife. Mother. Niece. Three generations wait outside St. Matthew's for procession to cemetery. Behind Mrs. Kennedy stands the President's mother. Sydney Lawford, daughter of Kennedy's sister Pat, is at rear."

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Young Kennedys prepare to leave the White House for John F. Kennedy's funeral, November 25, 1963

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A horse-drawn caisson bears the body of President John F. Kennedy into Arlington Cemetery, November 25, 1963

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The caption that accompanied this photograph when it appeared in the December 6, 1963, issue of LIFE: "A Widow's Thanks. Pausing for a moment after the graveside service with Robert Kennedy, who was ever at her side, Jacqueline Kennedy had a word of thanks for Bishop Philip Hannan (left), who spoke at the funeral, and other Catholic prelates who had taken part in the services."

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Jacqueline Kennedy and Robert Kennedy at John F. Kennedy's funeral, Arlington Cemetery, November 25, 1963.
 

boleklolek
 
In Moose Jaw, Sask, a pile of bison bones waiting to be loaded onto a train, which could distribute many thousands of tons of buffalo products countrywide.

Another major contributor to the bison's decimation was the expanding railroad system. Not only did the industry heads actively encourage the slaughter of bison, which were a nuisance on their tracks, but thanks to them, buffalo products could now be collected and distributed in numbers bigger than ever before. What’s more, as the railroads were laid down, they effectively split the herds. This new transportation network also made it easy for commercial hunters to reach herds further and further out in the plains, and indeed people hunted the buffalo from moving trains as well as on horseback. Market hunters like these could kill hundreds of bison in a single encounter. In fact some, such as Buffalo Bill Cody, became famous for slaying thousands during their lifetime.
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Buffalo bones, captured in Colorado in 1870.

After the hides, the next most valuable commodity to be gained from the bison was their bones, which were used in the manufacture of bone china and fertilizer among other things. A bone seller could earn anywhere between $2.50 and $15.00 a ton. Between 1868 and 1881, the state of Kansas alone is estimated to have made 2.5 million dollars from the sale of bison bones. Based on the thinking that it takes around a hundred bison skeletons to make a ton of buffalo bones, this works out at as 31 million bison carcasses. In a single state. Many of these bones were collected by settlers and Native Americans from the remains the hunters left behind.
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‘The lucky buffalo hunter,’ 1890-1900. Shooting buffalo was considered a healthy sport – and wealthy hunters would travel to the plains for this purpose – though the systematic slaughter by professional huntsmen took by far the biggest toll on the bison population.

The dramatic decline in bison numbers during the 19th century has been put down to several factors. Some scholars believe that drought, while it had undoubtedly struck before, was particularly severe between the years of 1840 and 1880 on the plains. Disease, fires that tore across the grasslands and competition from the millions of horses reared by the Native Americans are also believed to have been partially responsible. However, there is no mistaking the fact that the single greatest reason for the near extinction of the American bison was overhunting by humans. Greed – whether for wealth or for land – was the chief motivation behind the widescale slaughter.
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Eight men skin the buffalo they have slain, around 1904: Commercial hunters often travelled in teams with different people responsible for the removal of hides, shooting, and even the cleaning and reloading of guns.

Other Native American hunting methods involved whole communities. Working together, they could drive the bison onto soft ice or into deep snow, trapping them where they could easily be picked off. Another popular high-yield technique was to drive herds of buffalo over a cliff, where they would be maimed or killed by the fall. To do this required a very precise and coordinated effort, with tribesmen playing different roles in the hunt. A runner would first entice the herd towards the cliff, where a specially placed group of hunters would scare the animals on with loud noises and the waving of blankets. Below the drop another group waited to kill and butcher the crippled and stricken bison where they fell.
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Plains Indians with bison hides. Native Americans unknowingly helped in the decimation of buffalo herds.

Native American hunting techniques varied considerably – from those designed to kill a single animal to other methods where slaughtering entire herds was the aim. By most accounts, American bison seem to have been feasible animals to target for those who knew their behavior well – even before horses were introduced. One hunting technique involved a solitary hunter dressed in either wolf or bison skins. Clad this way, the stalker was able to get near to the buffalo, which would often tolerate his presence – likely mistaking him for a scavenging wolf – rather than running away. It was then a relatively simple matter to put an arrow into the animal from close range and bring it down.
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A remnant buffalo herd that survived the hunts in Yellowstone Park, around 1903.

What they didn't eat, the Plains Indians used in other ways. Buffalo horns were made into arrows, utensils and ground up to make medicines. Bones became splints, shovels, knives, pipes and war clubs. Candles and soap were made from the fat, while the muscles of the animals became glue and thread. The tails, meanwhile, were used for decoration, or as whips and fly brushes, and the hair became moccasin lining and was employed to make ropes. The bladder could be turned into a handy medicine bag, while the hooves were boiled down into glue. And the hides were used to make everything from drums and buckets to saddles and snowshoes. Nothing needed go to waste.
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Two hunters inspect their kill, around 1903: Men on horseback like these had an easy time shooting bison, which could be slow to react to their approach.

For the Plains Indians such as the Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Sioux, Comanche and others, the American buffalo played an important role not only in their culture and religion but also in their very survival. To them, the bison provided an endless supply of necessities, and every part of the animal served a purpose. The blood, milk, meat, marrow, organs, testicles, nipples and everything down to the nose gristle were eaten, and buffalo tongues and fetuses were considered particular delicacies.
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A pile of bison and antlered deer skulls sit bleaching in the sun in Albany County, Wyoming, 1870. Skulls were often kept as trophies or for decoration.

In 1842, an observer of the bison migration, Philip St. George Cooke, wrote: "Suddenly a cloud of dust rose over its crest, and I heard a rushing noise as of a mighty whirlwind, or the charging tramp of ten thousand horses. I had not time to divine its cause, when a herd of buffalo arose over the summit, and a dense mass, thousand upon thousand, galloped, with headlong speed, directly upon the spot where I stood…. Still onward they came — Heaven protect me! It was a fearful sight." A fearful sight that was soon never to be seen again.
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'Trail of the hide hunters': dead bison lying in the snow.

How the modern bison came to dominate the North American landscape is still being debated. There is some evidence that prior to European colonization, herds were small and regulated by Native American hunters. It was humans, not bison, who dominated the plains landscape, some sources say. Then the Europeans arrived, bringing with them the disease epidemics that wiped out so many Native Americans and left so much of their vast grasslands empty and ready for bison to take over – which they did in massive numbers.
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A long pile of buffalo bones stretches into the distance like some kind of levee, while a boy poses in front; Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, 1890. Hundreds of thousands of tons of bison bones were used in various industries, including the refining of sugar and for making bone china and fertilizer.

Perhaps surprisingly, the American buffalo (Bison bison) is not the first bovine population to have been wiped out in North America. Ten thousand years ago,they supplanted the earlier steppe bison (Bison priscus), a giant breed thought to have died out because of ecological changes and advances in human hunting technology. Although smaller than their extinct cousins, American bison were – and are – the largest land animals in North America. They are divided into two subspecies, the plains bison (Bison bison bison) and the larger wood bison (Bison bison athabascae ). While they are commonly referred to as buffalo, American bison are only distantly related to the ‘true buffalo’ of Asia and Africa.
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Sign of the times: Wright's buffalo hide yard in Dodge City, KS, 1878, with some 40,000 buffalo hides apparently in shot.

Taken towards the end of the 19th century and the start of the 20th, these photographs tell a tragic story. Millions of American bison, also known as American buffalo, were reduced to little more than mountainous piles of bleached white bones, many of the animals slain by bullets from the guns of men. At the time, of course, the perpetrators of the hunts that led to the buffalo’s near extinction held a very different point of view to that of most people today. Far from inciting feelings of disgust or horror, the slaughter of bison was seen by European settlers as a means to wealth, a healthy pastime, and most chilling of all, as a way to end the primary source of sustenance for the Plains Indians and so drive them from their land.
 

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Men in the mid-1870s pose with a mountain of buffalo skulls soon to be ground into fertilizer, the sad remains of an animal that once ruled the American plains.

Not so very long ago they ruled the North American plains from Canada down to Mexico, and as far east as the western boundary of the Appalachian Mountains. Awestruck witnesses reported seeing a sea of black during their annual migrations and feeling the ground trembling with the beat of millions of hooves. They were the American bison, and they reigned supreme over their territory. In their time, the bison are believed to have been the biggest population of large wild mammals anywhere on Earth, numbering an estimated 50 million before the European settlers arrived. Yet within the space of a few decades, their number would be reduced to a mere 2,000, bringing to an end an era in American history.
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Sign of the times: Wright's buffalo hide yard in Dodge City, KS, 1878, with some 40,000 buffalo hides apparently in shot.

Taken towards the end of the 19th century and the start of the 20th, these photographs tell a tragic story. Millions of American bison, also known as American buffalo, were reduced to little more than mountainous piles of bleached white bones, many of the animals slain by bullets from the guns of men. At the time, of course, the perpetrators of the hunts that led to the buffalo’s near extinction held a very different point of view to that of most people today. Far from inciting feelings of disgust or horror, the slaughter of bison was seen by European settlers as a means to wealth, a healthy pastime, and most chilling of all, as a way to end the primary source of sustenance for the Plains Indians and so drive them from their land.
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Buffalo remains, 1870: Bison bones were often found strewn across prairies where homesteaders would collect and sell them.

Most bison herds these days are limited to roaming in national parks and on private ranches where they are farmed for their meat. They are no longer free to roam the plains, migrating with the seasons. Yet more tragically, the loss of the buffalo is bound up with the end of a way of life for Native Americans, who had depended so much on this once plentiful animal.
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A herd of buffalo graze peacefully on the prairies of California, in 1916, where they were once too numerous to count. When attacked, the male bison move to protect the females and calves.

In the past few decades, American bison have regained some of their numbers. However, it is extremely unlikely that they will ever again approach their staggering population of the past.
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Plains Indians at camp after a successful buffalo hunt, 1870. The meat hangs on sticks to dry.

As for the Plains Indians, they trusted that the bison were effectively limitless, and the belief that the animals came from the earth may, according to some scholars, have meant they didn’t properly understand the ecological facts of the situation. Either way, the Native Americans are themselves held responsible by some to have overhunted the bison to some degree, and were enlisted by European Americans in the slaughter that would eventually wipe out the animal that was so important to them – and with it their way of life. According to the book General Pope and U.S. Indian Policy, it is estimated that over 7.5 million buffalo were killed from 1872 to 1874 alone.
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Skins hung up to dry, 1926: The hides were the most prized body parts of the hunted bison and quite often the only parts commercial hunters took.

Perhaps the most shocking fact about the near extinction of the American bison is that it appears to have been wholly intentional – part of a high-level strategy. Many scholars believe the government and military actively promoted the slaughter of bison herds to remove the primary food source of the Native Americans. There is heated debate about the existence of an actual government policy that enforced this aim. However, whether it was official or not, it cannot be doubted that this was a prime motivation behind the annihilation of the bison herds. Without the buffalo, the American Indians could not survive, and without the Indians, European settlers were free to claim their lands for themselves.
 

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The Red Baron
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sweet ★ heaven: Street scene , Venice - Italy ca.1890-1900
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U.S army balloon accident, Fort Sill - Oklahoma 1918
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British Soldiers On Pyramid, WW1
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nazi flying train
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Japanese midget submarines in drylock at Kure, 19 Oktober 1945
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Creta 14 July 1944
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Det 3rd Indiana cavalry, siege of Petersburg, June 1864 (U.S civil war)
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katyn 1940
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View of the golden horn - Turkey 1876
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Goat wagon and vendor - Cuba 1905
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Electric Car Charging Batteries: Detroit, Michigan, c. 1905
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The bathing machine of King Alfonso XIII, 1908
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Hudson super six racer - Washington DC 1920
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Fire wagon on a mission - Washington D.C 1915
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Hot day in N.Y City - 1912
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General Eisenhower enjoys a C-Ration on visit to Tunisia 1943
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President Lincoln with Gen McClellan and staff, Antietam battle field, Maryland 1862 (u.s civil war)
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Pancho Villa and staff - Mexican Revolution 1910-1920
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Pioneer wagon train - Colorado 1880
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Gypsy Vanners pulling Wagons
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Settlers homestead - New Zealand 1906
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German U-Boat stranded on south coast of England ca. 1914-1918
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Sword ceremony signifying husbands authority, Ramallah, palestine 1900
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Palestinian Family, Ramallah c. 1910
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View of Jaffa from the sea - Palestine (israel) ca.1890-1900
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Christmas eve in Bethlehem - Palestine 1898
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Group of Bedouin women - Palestine 1880
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